Reflection Papers

Urban upgrading in Ho Chi Minh City

Urban upgrading in Ho Chi Minh City : unexpected social impact of an infrastructure project

Reflection Paper n° 002 - January 2014 | | BTC's knowledge building series

Between 1998 and 2006 Belgium carried out a 20 million euros sanitation project to address the environmental, housing and social challenges along the Tan Hoa Lo Gom (THLG) canal, the most polluted of Ho Chi Minh City's five main canals. In 2012, the project site was revisited by an expert of the Royal Tropical Institute of Amsterdam (KIT) to independently evaluate the longer-term impact.

Key points
The Tan Hoa Lo Gom canal sanitation project was innovative: instead of investing in one infrastructure component spread out over the entire city, it focused on different components in a limited area. For the first time in Vietnam, a social housing project developed a mechanism to finance the operation and maintenance of the buildings in a sustainable way. Capacity development and institutional strengthening are valuable concepts that are worth pursuing through Official Development Assistance, even if short-term results are not always tangible. An 'infrastructure' project can have a wide, unexpected impact. The resettlement programme allowed people to progress from being slum dwellers with virtually no legal status to official home-owning residents.

Interface entre Prestataires de Soins Officiels et Traditionnels - Bénin

Les acquis du projet de recherche-action "Interface entre Prestataires de Soins Officiels et Traditionnels" dans la Zone Sanitaire de Klouékanmè-Toviklin-Lalo au Bénin

Pour améliorer le recours aux soins de santé dans la zone sanitaire de Klouékanmè-Toviklin-Lalo, le projet a choisi de se focaliser sur deux aspects: la formation des tradithérapeutes aux pathologies prioritaires, et la sensibilisation des mères et femmes enceintes par des pairs éducateurs. Ce sont les bonnes pratiques et les leçons apprises à travers cette expérience que le présent document vise à capitaliser. (PDF, 6 p., 3.2 MB)

paving, a motor for urban development

Paving, a motor for urban development

First issue of a new series: Reflection Papers | Reflection Papers is the new knowledge building series that capitalises on experiences and knowledge acquired by BTC through its interventions.

This first issue draws lessons from the employment-intensive method used by the Paving Project in Burundi. The Paving Project built some 30 kilometres of paved roads through on-site training programmes in the municipalities of Kinama, Kamenge and Cibitoke, north of the capital Bujumbura. In addition to renewing the infrastructure, the project has contributed to boosting the economic and social development of these municipalities with a new method.

This first issue of Reflection Papers explains the advantages of paving roads (against asphalting roads) and deals with the social Employment-Intensive method, which provides social benefits to workers throughout (and even after) construction through professional and social skills training. The social Employment-Intensive method may be applied to other sectors such as agriculture, the supply of drinking water and sanitation, the construction of rural dirt roads...

Vers la couverture maladie universelle au Bénin

La présente publication tente de fournir des éléments de réponse aux préoccupations des acteurs du Programme d'Appui Sectoriel Santé au Bénin relatives au développement harmonieux du Régime d'Assurance Maladie Universelle (RAMU) et du Financement Basé sur les Résultats (FBR).

Jansen C., Lodi E., Lodenstein E., Toonen J. (eds.). 2013. Vers une couverture maladie universelle au Bénin. Amsterdam : KIT Publishers (168 p.)

Towards inclusive rural development: Agricultural value chains, local economic development and stakeholders’ dynamics.

Contribution of the Belgian development projects to a regional and sectoral vision on rural development in the Andes

This publication originates in a regional seminar organised by BTC in Lima in 2009. It highlights two approaches that are used more and more in agriculture and rural development, namely the value chain approach and the local economic development approach. First, these approaches are put in perspective against the evolving background of the Belgian and international agricultural sector. Next, these approaches are assessed as part of specific experiences in the regional project portfolio implemented by the bilateral cooperation.
 

Only available in Spanish (48 p. - pdf - 1.26 MB)

Agriculture as a motor of pro-poor growth

BTC hosted its 5th annual international seminar on 16 & 17 December 2009 entitled ‘Agriculture as a motor of pro-poor growth’. The seminar intended to focus on poverty reduction through agriculture in development countries. It wanted to look at the issue in a holistic way taking into account both the needs and the actors, and scrutinise the potential of development partners to contribute to pro-poor agriculture development.

Alimentation en eau potable et assainissement des quartiers périphériques urbains et des zones rurales en RDC

En RDC, seul un habitant sur cinq a accès à l’eau potable. Les causes sont nombreuses : faiblesse des moyens financiers du secteur, délabrement des installations existantes, mauvaise gestion des réseaux, explosion démographique des villes... L’objectif du projet est de mettre en place des alternatives pérennes d’adduction en eau potable pour les populations des quartiers périurbains, des centres secondaires et des zones rurales densément peuplées.

Sectoral approach in the Health sector in Mali

Since 1996, the health sector in Mali is committed to a reform process, which includes the development of a sectoral approach. After more than ten years the time has come to bring together the experience and the results of this reform process.

Enjeux et perspectives de la gestion de l'eau potable en milieu rural

Expériences de la coopération belge dans le domaine de l'hydraulique rural et périurbain en Afrique

À l’occasion de la clôture du projet d’Amélioration et de renforcement des points d’eau dans le Bassin arachidier (PARPEBA), la CTB a organisé, au Sénégal, du 3 au 7 novembre 2008, un séminaire international sur la pérennisation du service de l’eau potable en milieu rural. L’objectif était de capitaliser les expériences des différents projets et programmes de la coopération belge en Afrique dans le domaine de l’approvisionnement en eau potable en milieu rural.

Changing minds and attitudes – Towards improved Belgian Technical Assistance

In preparation for BTC’s dialogue with DGDC on the future role of technical assistance (TA) in Belgian development cooperation, BTC invited ECDPM to conduct a study focusing on the aforementioned subject.

Joint Evaluation of General Budget Support - Conclusions, recommendations and points for consideration

In 2004, a group of 24 donors and 7 governments of partner countries commissioned a Joint Evaluation of General Budget Support in Burkina Faso, Malawi, Mozambique, Nicaragua, Uganda, Rwanda and Vietnam for the period 1994-2004. BTC is now publishing the conclusions, recommendations and points for consideration from this important evaluation process.

What does the future hold for the forests in the Democratic Republic of Congo?

Innovative tools and mechanisms for sustainable forest management. This BTC publication is a continuation of the debates and discussions that were initiated at the international conference on sustainable forest management in the DRC, held in Brussels on 26 and 27 February 2007.

The Urban Factor - Challenges facing sustainable urban development

On 18 & 19 December 2007 BTC hosted its fourth international seminar, entitled ‘The urban [f]actor - Challenges facing sustainable urban development’. The proceedings of the seminar are available in the form of a BTC Reflection and Discussion Paper (2008/01, 88 p.).