Since 1962, the year of its independence, Rwanda has been a partner country of Belgian cooperation.

Rwanda is 26,338 km² large and 9.3 million inhabitants, of which about 87% live from agriculture. Strong demographic pressure translates in very fragmented land ownership, which aggravates issues of poverty on the countryside, where 83% of the population lives .

Regardless of the efforts made since 1994 for the socio-economic development of the country, Rwanda remains one of the poorest countries in the world, with almost 57% of population living below the poverty threshold (2007). Less than three quarters of the population have access to drinking water, whereas less than half the population have no hygiene or sanitation facilities. There is one doctor per 18,000 inhabitants and one nurse per 1,690 inhabitants; healthcare service usage is 70% (2007).

Belgium is one of Rwanda’s main donors and intervenes in different sectors.

In the health sector, the interventions of BTC contribute to accessing primary healthcare, through the construction and rehabilitation of infrastructure and through institutional strengthening of the central level and of decentralised instances.

BTC supports justice by strengthening institutional capacities and by supporting the justice reform.

For rural development, many projects are underway in agriculture, water and sanitation, and rural energy.

Thanks to its expertise, BTC also executes projects for other donors. That is why BTC executes the support programme to reforestation in the 9 districts of the Northern and Western Provinces of Rwanda for the Dutch embassy in Kigali. The partnership with the European Union enabled BTC to implement the water and sanitation programme in the Southern Province.