Belgian Development Cooperation

The Belgian Law of 1999 on International Cooperation lays down the objectives and priorities of Belgian development cooperation. 

The work of BTC is also guided by the international context: The United Nations Millennium Development Goals and the Paris Declaration on Aid Harmonisation and Alignment are important touchstones.

Objective of Belgian development cooperation

Belgian development cooperation aims to achieve sustainable human development. This aim is to be achieved by fighting poverty and strengthening democracy and the constitutional state.


Belgian aid focuses on a number of countries, sectors and themes. The partner countries are chosen because they rank among the poorest countries in the world or because Belgium has many years’ experience in the field of development cooperation there.

Partner countries

Algeria, Benin, Bolivia, Burundi, DR Congo, Ecuador, Mali, Morocco, Mozambique, Niger, Palestinian Territories, Peru, Rwanda, Senegal, Tanzania, Uganda, Vietnam and South Africa.

The Belgian Law of 1999 on International Cooperation determined the following sectors and themes:

  • Primary health care, education & training, agriculture & food security, basic infrastructure, good governance.
  • Equal rights for women and men, care for the environment, social economy, the fight against AIDS, children’s rights.

Millennium Development Goals

At the onset of the new millennium (2000) the international community decided to fight poverty. In the Millennium Declaration the 191 member states of the United Nations committed to achieve eight goals by the year 2015: the Millennium Development Goals.

Paris Declaration

In March 2005 more than 100 representatives of donor countries (Belgium among others), international organisations and developing countries signed the Paris Declaration. It determines how western development aid can be organised more efficiently to increase its impact.

Accra Agenda for Action

In September 2008 a follow-up meeting was held in Ghana’s capital Accra. Representatives of the donor countries and of developing countries, international organisations and NGOs evaluated the progress made since the Paris Declaration. They took measures to enhance the impact of the Paris Declaration.